The Liberation Front of the Slovenian People, established 26 April 1941 in Ljubljana as Anti-Imperialist Front, was the political organization of the Slovenian resistance to Axis occupation during World War II. The founding members were the Communist party of Slovenia, the Slovenian Christian Socialists, the Slovenian Sokol and a group of cultural workers. The Liberation Front proclaimed as its...
The Ministerium für Staatssicherheit (Ministry for State Security), commonly known as the Stasi (from Staatssicherheit), was the main security (secret police) and intelligence organization of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). The Stasi had its headquarteres in East Berlin, with an extensive complex in Lichtenberg and several smaller complexes throughout the city. Widely regarded as...
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Lipej Kolenik was born on the 22.9.1925 in Margarethen near Bleiburg/Šmarjeta pri Pliberku. He had his first contact with partisans in spring 1943. He did courier jobs. In August 1943, he had to go to the Wehrmacht; firstly, to be trained, but soon he was transtered to Slovenia and in the end of 1943 to the Italian front. Here he got heavy frostbites on his feet and was moved to several military hospitals, in the end to Klagenfurt. On the occasion of a visit on the farm of his parents, he deserted to the partisans. He was active in various units. In March, he was severely wounded and witnessed the liberation hidden in a bunker, with hardly any medical support. After war he was unemployed and stayed politically active. He was repeatedly arrested and imprisoned. He is chairman of the Carinthian partisan association.