Grey Ranks (Polish Szare Szeregi) was a codename for the underground Polish Scouting Association (Związek Harcerstwa Polskiego) during World War II. The organisation was created in 1939, actively resisted and fought German occupation until January 18, 1945 in Warsaw and largely contributed to all resistance actions of the Polish Underground State. “Mury”, “The Walls”, was the...
POW: Prisoner of war. A military combatant who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The Gestapo ( Geheime Staatspolizei: “secret state police”) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. Under the overall administration of the Schutzstaffel (SS), it was administered by the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) (“head office of the reich security service”) and was considered a dual organization of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) (“security service”) and also a suboffice of...
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